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Islamic events-the historical background of Ramadan!

Islamic events-the historical background of Ramadan!

Fasting is an important pillar of Islam. Fasting is spiritual and spiritual worship. In the Qur’an, God declares, “O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become righteous. ”(Surat al-Baqara, 183)

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

Fasting is for me and I will reward it, for the servant has suppressed his instincts for me and has given up eating and drinking.

The smell of the mouth of the fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the fragrance of Mrighanavir and the form of a fasting shield. When the month of Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and Satan is bound. ”(Bukhari)

Historical background of fasting:

It is known from Al-Quran that fasting was also made obligatory on those before us. Fasting was an obligatory act of worship for all the prophets, from the first father, Adam (peace be upon him) to the Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him). There was a difference in the time and number of fasts of the ummah of the previous prophets. In earlier times, fasting would have started from going to sleep at night. Only food and sexual intercourse were allowed after Iftar and before going to bed. All this would have become haraam as soon as I went to bed and fell asleep.

Every Muslim from the original father Adam (peace be upon him) to the Prophet Noah (peace be upon him) used to fast on the 13th, 14th and 15th of every lunar month.

The Jews fasted for 40 days, and the Christians fasted for 50 days. And fasting has been made obligatory on the Ummah of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) for 1 month.

Christians later change the fast, turning the number of days. (Bayhaqi Sharif and Fathul Bar)

There is disagreement as to which fasting was obligatory first. According to some, fasting on Ashura was obligatory, while according to others, fasting on the 13th, 14th, and 15th of every month was obligatory. Because when the Prophet (peace be upon him) came to Medina, he used to observe these fasts.

In the second year of the Hijrah, in the month of Shaban, Allah Almighty sent down the command to fast. From that year, i.e. from the second year of Hijri, 30 fasts of Ramadan were made obligatory on the Ummah of Muhammad.

Islamic events-the historical background of Ramadan!

Allah Almighty declares in the Holy Qur’an, “The month of Ramadan, the month in which the Qur’an was revealed as a guide and a guide for the whole human race, full of clear advice and distinguishing between right and wrong.” Therefore, whoever of you gets this month, let him fast this month. ” (Surat al-Baqara, 185)

Fasting in the time of Prophet Adam (peace be upon him):

Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) was a primitive man. He first lived in heaven. In a special incident, both Adam (peace be upon him) and Eve (peace be upon him) were sent to earth.

The first day they came to earth was on the 10th of Muharram. On this day when he came to earth, both Adam and Eve did not get any food and decided to fast.

They wept for three hundred years in Surrey for petty crimes. They have been fasting for a long time. After eating a little at night, they would fall asleep for a while and then they would continue to cry again.

At one time, after accepting their repentance, the practice of fasting for the descendants of Adam (peace be upon him) on the day of their arrival in the world and on the day of remission of repentance was introduced.

Fasting during the time of Hazrat Ibrahim (a):

The Sahifa was revealed to Hazrat Ibrahim (a), the father of the Muslim nation, on the 1st of the month of Ramadan. To commemorate that day, his ummah was obliged to fast a total of 3 days, including the 1st and 2nd of Ramadan, as well as the 1st of Ramadan.

It was the duty of his ummah to fast on the historic day when he was freed from the dreadful fire of Nimrod. Moreover, it was obligatory for the ummah of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) to fast for the first 3 days of the day to commemorate the day when he implemented his resolve to sacrifice his beloved son Ishmael (peace be upon him) in the way of Allah.

This trend of fasting continued on the ummah of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon him) and Prophet Isaac (peace be upon him) after the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him). It is known that a total of 6 fasts were obligatory on the Ummah of Prophet Ishmael (peace be upon him).

Fasting during the time of Prophet Moses (peace be upon him):

Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) prayed to Allah on the mountain of Tur as a guide to the heavenly book. Allah instructed him to fast for one month in order to get this book. He used to go to Tur mountain for 1 month and fast.

Later, after fasting for a total of 40 days, including 10 more days at the command of Allah, the Holy Torah was revealed to Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) on the 7th of the month of Ramadan.

The ummah of Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) and Prophet Aaron (peace be upon him) were obliged to fast for one month. However, the type of fasting of the ummah of Musa (a) was not the same as our current fast.

The Jews are instructed to observe 40 days of fasting every Saturday, on the 10th of Muharram of the year, and in remembrance of the long 40 days of fasting before the revelation of the Torah on the Mount of Moses.

Fasting during the time of Prophet Solomon (peace be upon him):

Prophet Solomon (peace be upon him) used to fast all year round out of gratitude to Allah. It is known that 9 fasts were obligatory on his ummah.

Fasting during the time of Prophet Noah (peace be upon him):

During the time of Prophet Noah (peace be upon him), the wrath called the Great Flood descended on the apostate people. During the flood, one pair of all living creatures and 40 believers were given space in a special boat to defend themselves.

All the animals died in the long flood. Later, in order to commemorate these 40 days, a 40-day fast was made obligatory on the Ummah of Prophet Noah (peace be upon him).

Fasting during the time of Hazrat Yunus (a): – Hazrat Yunus (a) lived for 40 long days in the stomach of a fish in a state of infinite mercy. According to various sources, Yunus (a) fasted from the belly of the fish for these 40 days. It is known that 7 fasts were obligatory on his ummah.

Fasting during the time of Prophet David (peace be upon him):

Prophet David (peace be upon him) used to fast half of the year and the other half of the year without fasting. It has been narrated in the Hadith that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “The most beloved fast to Allaah is the fast of Dawood (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He used to fast one day and not fast the next day. ” (Bukhari, Muslim)

Fasting during the time of Prophet Joseph (peace be upon him):

Prophet Joseph (peace be upon him) was the victim of a deep conspiracy of his 11 brothers and was thrown into a dark well. For 40 long days, he kept calling on Allah inside the dark well and during this time he was fasting. It was obligatory on his ummah to fast for 40 days to commemorate these difficult days.

Islamic events-the historical background of Ramadan!

Fasting during the time of Prophet Jesus (PBUH):

It is known that Prophet Jesus (PBUH) was born on earth in the face of fasting. On the 17th of Ramadan, the Holy Bible was revealed to the Prophet Jesus (PBUH). The Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) used to fast from the 18th of Ramadan to the last day of that month after learning the virtues of Lailatul Qadr, the only prophet of his time, “better than a thousand months”.

This fast was also obligatory on his ummah. The Prophet Jesus (PBUH) fasted for 40 long days before receiving the Gospel.

Fasting in the Age of Ignorance: – Before the advent of Islam, that is, in the age of ignorance, fasting was also prevalent.

“On the day of Ashura, ghilaf was worn in the Kaaba; So the Arabs used to fast for 7 days. ” (Musnad Ahmad)

In ancient times the Greeks fasted: – In ancient times the Greeks used to fast continuously for 7 days and 8 nights in a particular month of the year. Such long-term fasting was very difficult and painful.

Fasting of different nations: – In ancient times fasting was practiced among the Romans, Celts, Assyrians, and Babylonians. Zoroastrian Persians observe various fasts. Confucius introduced various forms of fasting.

Buddhists also fast on the occasion of various ‘Chibar’ ceremonies. The Persians fast for 11 days.

But many people fast for 33 days and some people fast for 3 days. In some Persian and Jewish fasts, it is considered a great sin for men to meet women and for women to meet men.

Buddhists often have to live in solitude while fasting. At the end of the day, the Buddhists have to boil only a handful of begging material and eat it.

Fasting of Indian Hindu and Jain communities:

In every Hindu capital, novice priests and initiators of the ritual observe fasting. Apart from fasting for 1 to 3 days, they also fast on New Moon and Purnimathi. On the 11th and 12th of the lunar month, Brahmins observe Ekadashi and Dwadashi fasts.

The conditions of fasting in Jainism are very strict. According to their calculations, a fast is observed for 40 days.

Jains in Gujarat and the Deccan still fast for several weeks each year.

Fasting is not as strict as fasting in other religions. There are physical and mental benefits to fasting in the holy religion of Islam. The fast of Muslims is the easiest, most pleasurable and scientific.

Muslims fast like festivals. In the near future, medical science will discover more benefits of fasting inshaAllah.

Islamic events-the historical background of Ramadan!

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Author: Professor of Political Science, Taraganj College, Kapasia Gazipur.

Sumon Sorkar

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